Include the citation of the source. Please use APA. Be sure to note the date accessed and database used (if applicable). It’s important to get this information as you are researching with all the sources you collect…just in case
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Identify whether the source is academic/scholarly, trade/professional/, or popular. Know that sometimes a source could fit into multiple categories.
- Source Credibility:
Investigate the source’s credibility… Credible author? Credible publication? What’s the purpose? Who’s the intended audience? Genre of source? Reliable evidence? Etc.
- Summary and Analysis of Main Ideas:
A detailed summary of the author’s central argument or main idea/ideas. You can write this in paragraph form or use bullet points (remember this work is to help you with your drafting, so use a style and approach that will be suitable to your habits). It is important that you phrase your annotations as summaries of arguments rather than just summaries of information. When you are writing, use phrases like “according to the author” and “the author argues/asserts that…” etc. Always analyze what the author is trying to say. If there is no author, use phrases like “the article states” or “the article argues…”.
Also, include specific quotations that are uniquely worded or helpful in revealing the author’s central argument or ideas. Quotations that are memorable and controversial also should be included. Type them out and be sure to include the page numbers where the quotations were found. Additionally, be sure to note the importance of the quote or the reasons why you’re including it (otherwise, you’re just cutting and pasting quotes, which isn’t very helpful in the long run). You can then turn these quotations into paraphrases of your own as you continue this process.
Should your source have other helpful information (charts, graphs, figures, images, etc.), include such evidence in this section. Use this section to help build your source as evidence for the report you will draft later in the semester. This content should reflect the source itself. For example, a scholarly article is going to have dense, technical information and use tables and graphs with detailed info. A popular source might rely on images to get its point across. Both are valuable and both can be helpful. So, include information that is appropriately applicable.
Sometimes, sources will present themselves as informative or objective rather than argumentative. This means that you will have to read between the lines. You may also think about how you might characterize the author’s “frame” or “perspective” on the issue he/she is writing about. For sources that still don’t seem to work for the above requirements, please see me for further instruction.
Once the summaries have been built, then go through the material with a fine tooth comb, emphasizing what content is most pertinent. What content is most helpful and why? Most debatable? Most conflicted or controversial? Are there holes or outward bias that is necessary to acknowledge? Incomplete info? Etc.
It might be helpful to stylize this content so it’s more easily accessible later. For example, underline analysis, italicize key phrases, bold quotations, highlight different contents with different colors, etc.
Describe the usefulness of the text to your future report. Will the source content be used to discuss the topic’s background, current state, or future? Again, work in paragraph or bullet form to assist you. This section should reveal how the source contributes to your in-progress project as a whole. What do you gain by using its information? Does the source provide examples, definitions, etc. Explain and analyze thoroughly.
How is this source connected to your other sources? Does it agree (in part of in full) with some? Disagree (in part or in full) with others? Pick up where another source left off…? Use this section to begin organizing your sources by content, so be detailed and specific.
USE MY FOLLOWING WORD DOC AS A FORMAT.
YOU HAVE TO ADD ONE MORE SCHOLARLY SOURCE, AND 6 OTHER SOURCES