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Post One:

The value of ED-Based surveillance shall ensure proper understanding of the health needs of the general population. ED will afford an absolute location for the collection of de-identified information that may help with the acute needs and patterns of the population. Speaking of the occurrence of a condition such as typhoid fever, ED-based surveillance would guarantee proper background in term of preparation, execution as well as an evaluation of the public health information programs in the special area (Varney & Hirshon, 2006). It would ensure the efficient and rapid recognition of cases who have similar symptoms and therefore promising the quick triggering of alerts to deal with such an event.

ED-based interventions would include the collection of data, analysis of information as well as the timely response based on a review of the material that has been collected. Real-time data would be obtained, and different signs and symptoms would be evaluated to confirm the outbreak of the particular condition.

Utilizing the information, informed public health response actions and interventions would then be taken. The magnitude of the health problem would be expected and appropriate steps made based on this information. Using the ED-based systems, information collecting and processing would be quick and easy (Varney & Hirshon,2006). The information would be sent to public health officials such as laboratory personnel and pharmacists, and then timely reporting on the diagnosis would occur to ensure that the next step of action is efficiently handled. The information would be relayed to national agencies such as the CDC, which would give direction on the following steps of operation that would be taken. After the critical actions of the data is done, it would be necessary to ensure sufficient measures are taken for mass treatment of the affected patients and prevention of the epidemic spread, using the information relayed.


Varney, S. M., & Hirshon, J. M. (2006). Update on public health surveillance in emergency departments. Emergency Medicine Clinics, 24(4), 1035-1052. doi:10.1016/j.emc.2006.06.004

Post Two:

Varney and Hirshon list seven general rationales for providing ED-based public health surveillance. Surveillance is a critical form of communication for public health officials. Choose a real public health outbreak, disaster, or crisis. Provide one example of how any of the concepts described in this paper were actually used to improve public health. Describe the intervention for your classmates. Cite your reference.

Surveillance during or after the occurrence of disease outbreak in public health is a method of containing and managing the outcome of an outbreak to prevent further effects of the outbreak to the immediate community (Adokiya & Awoonor, 2016). The World Health Organization defines surveillance as the act of colleting statistics, data and facts from the affected community with the intention of knowing the progress of the outbreak. During surveillance, the public health team takes notes of the development of new symptoms in the population, the response of the symptoms towards treatment that has been initiated and also the development of new disease cases in areas that had been initially considered safe (Adokiya & Awoonor, 2016). The purpose of surveillance is to initiate new measures that would aid in the resolution of the current state of affairs as far as disease spread and control is concerned.

During an outbreak of Ebola virus in central and West Africa in 2016, the WHO initiated a surveillance program to determine the spread of Ebola, its mortality rate and the safe areas (Adokiya & Awoonor, 2016). The purpose of this surveillance was to provide scientifically proven facts that can be used to create disease awareness and encourage the participation of the community to reduce the severity of the disease to the human population. This surveillance helped the disaster response team to be able to come up with an actionable plan that will first prevent further spread of disease by establishing a quarantine and also finding methods of coping for the community to prevent new infections (Adokiya & Awoonor, 2016). One of the most critical benefits of surveillance during this disaster is that it enables the experimentation of new treatment approaches. Surveillance reports of the progress of the drug trials and acts as an advisory approach towards finding the best treatment for the disease.


Adokiya, M. N., & Awoonor-Williams, J. K. (2016). Ebola virus disease surveillance and response preparedness in northern Ghana. Global health action, 9, 29763. doi:10.3402/gha.v9.29763