Northern and Southern Portuguese Baroque

As with the previous DBs, I will provide some points to help guide your approach to the material, but stuents should also continue to feel free to discuss their own ideas and impressions. Please do not hesitate to pose new questions or ask for clarification.

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1. Compare and Contrast the main characteristics of Northern and Southern Portuguese Baroque architectural styles that emerged in the regional centers of Lisbon, Porto and Braga. What made each distinctive? What qualities did they have in common which made them distinctively “Portuguese”? Mention at least one representative example from each regional center and the architect most closely associated with it.

2. Describe the stylistic evolution of eighteenth-century Portuguese architecture from Baroque to Rococo to Neoclassicism. Again, please cite the major buildings (Mafra, Queluz, Clerigos, etc.) or the work of major architects (Ludovice, Nasoni, Soares, Mardel).

3. . Discuss the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 and the problems of reconstruction faced by Pombal. Explain the process he set up to deal with reconstruction and the various options that were presented to him. Discuss Pombal’s ubran plan for the reconstruction of Lisbon, including the Enlightenment ideas behind it, the architecture designed to satisfy these principles, and the solution for the Praça do Comércio.