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Study Guide – Intro to Criminal Justice
Chapter 1 – What is Criminal Justice?
- Please define the following: justice, social justice and criminal justice.
- List the (3) components of the American criminal justice (CJ) system, and describe their functions.
- List and describe the consensus model and the conflict model. Is the consensus model a reality? Criticisms of the consensus model? Please provide examples of conflict in the criminal justice system.
- Define due process. Which amendments specifically guarantee due process?
- What rights are defendants of criminal proceedings guaranteed?
- Please describe the two (2) perspectives which capture the primary goals of the criminal justice system – Crime-control model and due process model.
- In chronological order, please describe the American criminal justice process.
Chapter 2 – The Crime Picture
- List and describe the three (3) major shifts in crime rates in the United States.
- List and describe the two (2) major national sources of crime data.
- List all Part 1 Offenses covered by UCR/NIBRS. Of these offenses, which is the most frequently reported major crime?
- How does UCR/NIBRS data differ from data collected obtained from the NCVS?
Chapter 4 – Criminal Law
- Define law?
- Describe the following types of law: Criminal, statutory, and case.
- Describe the following general categories of crime: Felonies, misdemeanors, and offenses. List examples of each.
- List and describe the three (3) elements that make-up the essence of crime.
- Describe the difference between motive and mens rea.
- Describe each of the four (4) broad categories of defenses to a criminal charge (*Hint* alibi, justification, excuses, and procedural). Need to be able to identify them.
- Describe the following types of justification used as a defense to a criminal charge: Self-defense, defense of home and property, and consent.
- Describe the following types of excuses used as a defense to a criminal charge: Duress, unconsciousness, and provocation.
- Describe the following types of procedural defenses used a criminal charge: Entrapment, double jeopardy, denial of a speedy trial, prosecutorial misconduct and police fraud.
Chapter 5 – Policing History and Structure
- (English Roots) What was the first modern police force, and who is credited with its formation?
- What is term (i.e., slang or nick name) used to describe these officers?
- List the four levels of law enforcement in the United States. Be able to identify examples of different levels of law enforcement agencies.
- State law enforcement agencies across the U.S. fall into one of the two (2) following models: Centralized and decentralized. Describe these two models.
- Compare and contrast police chiefs and sheriffs.
- Define/describe private protective services. What has contributed to the growth of the private security sector in the U.S.?