With specific examples and evidence, in a minimum of 5 paragraph, describe with great details ancient and modern African diaspora starting from Africa ( include the impact of languages, women, religion/cosmology, specific events like the trans-Sahara slave trade, Atlantic slave trade, wars and other events between different kingdoms and empires in west Africa, Indian ocean, Persian gulf and the Mediterranean world, also include the impact of the introduction of capitalism and feudalism into Africa when the Royal African company and Dutch west Indian company were established in Africa), to Europe, the Americas and the Caribbean. Do not forget to include the impact of plantations/ plantation systems, cosmology, women, capitalism, the Haitian revolution/ resistance, pan Africanism/ black nationalism/anti-colonialism, on the African diaspora be it modern or ancient.
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Possible focus question to guide your train of thought
- How would you compare and contrast the African Diasporas in the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Mediterranean/Europe?
- How would you compare and contrast the highly centralized and de-centralized West African civilizations? What were some of their major cultural, political, social and economic institutions?
- Trace the geographical spread of the sugar plantation around the Atlantic world (rim). What impact did it have on Africa, on Europe and on the Americas?
- Compare and contrast the plantation societies of South America, the Caribbean and North America
- What is black feminism and why is it a useful approach to studying the history of women in the African Diaspora?
- What are the key points of a black feminist perspective?
- What kind of roles did women play in resisting oppression and in the struggle for political rights?
- What general roles did enslaved women play in slave plantation society and what specific economic roles did these women play? For example, what was the importance of the ‘provision grounds’ or their roles as market women?
- How did stereotypes about black women’s sexuality emerge? What was and is the function of such stereotyping?
- What did Yoruba women think about, and do to oppose, British colonial rule in Nigeria? What did the Igbo women of southeastern Nigeria specifically do to oppose British rule of their homeland?
- Who was Amy Jacques Garvey? What was her significance? How did she contribute to black struggles for freedom and self-definition?
- What are the four basic ways that “New World religions” sought to assist its followers?
- How did African religious expression begin to emerge in the New World during the 17th and 18th centuries?
- Through the forging of religious identities, Africans built a foundation of a distinct culture. How did religion shape the political and social outlook of blacks?
- What were the meanings of various religious practices and beliefs? What were the main characteristics of religion in the African Diaspora?
- How did religion create the basis of a collective black identity?
- Certain religious beliefs among the enslaved black population were well entrench. What were they?
- What was the significance of the Great Awakening for blacks in North America?
- .How did religion play a role in resisting or accommodating slavery?
- What roles did women play in the development of black religion?
- What role did white humanitarians in Europe and North America play in slave emancipation? Who should be given the main credit for black freedom, slaves and black people themselves or whites who were against slavery?
- Why were some slave rebellions successful while others failed? What did slave rebellions and revolts achieve, even if they were suppressed? What were the legacies of revolt and rebellion?
- Were slave rebellions forward looking or backward looking?
- What are the mainsprings of Black Nationalism? Where and when did it emerge? Which group within the African Diaspora were its leading advocates? What assumptions did they make? What were their goals? What events shaped their outlook?
- What is Pan-Africanism? What factors present at the end of the nineteenth century account for its rise? What is the difference between Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism?
- What were the main differences within the black intelligentsia regarding racial equality, full emancipation and citizenship? What were the different strategies for achieving freedom? What were the principal arguments in these ongoing debates?
- Who benefitted most from freedom, equality and independence? Who lost out? Where do women fit in the history of Black Nationalism?
- What was the significance of African independence for blacks in North America? What was the impact of African and anti-colonial freedom struggles on the Civil Rights movement in the United States?
- How did the African Diaspora in North America and the Caribbean shape independence movements in Africa?
Attached are study guides with key terminologies that could be used and and some focus questions. Please be sure to include highlighted terms and events on the study guide in the paper