In this module, you will learn about facility layout, which is something that all organizations have in common. It could be a hospital, office, retail facility, restaurant, warehouse, or manufacturing facility: in each case, special attention must be given to facility layout if the organization is to operate safely and effectively. Facility layout determines the physical arrangement of the facilities and equipment of an organization, with the goal of creating a logical and efficient setting. Facility layout reflects the available space, the product-required workspaces, the safety of users and the overall facility, any support activities, and the suitability of operations.
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A properly designed facility layout encourages smooth and steady workflow, considers production material, equipment, and labor, and strives to provide these resources at minimum cost. Facility resource layout reflects good physical allocation of space for economic activity in the plant. Hence, a principal goal of the layout’s preparation is to provide for effective and efficient workflow to maximize productivity. An ideal layout provides best-in-class workflow for resources, ensuring a quality product, at minimal cost, in a safe and comfortable environment. Facility layout design and application are influenced significantly by many elements that differ from organization to organization (Buffa, Armour, & Vollman, 1964).
In this milestone, you will explore more details about facility layout needs and any special considerations that may be required, depending on the type of company that was selected in Milestone One.
For additional details, please refer to the Milestone Two Guidelines and Rubric document.